Enterococcus are naturally occurring intestinal bacteria that can be found in humans, animals, plants, soil, and water. It is one of the most commonly occurring hospital-acquired illnesses, but can also be a foodborne illness. Enterococcus faecalis is the most commonly-isolated species.
- Urinary tract infection
- Meningitis (rare)
Most at risk
- Young children
- The elderly
- The immunocompromised
How is it spread?
- Most frequently spread in hospitals
- Can be spread through contaminated plants, soil, and water
Occasionally through person-to-person contact
- If an infected person does not wash his/her hands properly after using the toilet, it can be passed along by physical contact or by handling food
- If contaminated water touches food at any stage (irrigation, washing, rinsing, etc.), contamination can also occur